“The young General Bonaparte, tricolor in hand, leads an attack across the bridge at Arcole, where he saved French forces from imminent defeat at the hands of a numerically superior Austrian army.”
Ridpath’s History of the World, 1901
Equestrian portrait of Charlemagne (?), from Metz, Germany, early ninth century.
Roland at Roncesvalles blowing his horn to summon the emperor to his aid
François Guizot (1787-1874), The History of France from the Earliest Times to the Year 1789
*The tale of Roland’s death is retold in the eleventh century poem The Song of Roland, where he is equipped with the Olifant (a signalling horn) and an unbreakable sword, enchanted by various Christian relics, named Durendal.
N.C. Wyeth - Legends of Charlemagne (1924)
Napoleon Bonaparte receives the Queen of Prussia at Tilsit, July 6, 1807 by Nicolas Gosse
Bust of Roman Emperor Publius Helvius Pertinax
Appointed Emperor by the Praetorian Guard —- January 1st, 193 AD
Assassinated by the Praetorian Guard —- March 28th, 193 AD.
Statement to the Senate (1814). He echoes here the remark attributed to Louis XIV L’état c’est moi ( “The State is I” or more commonly: “I am the State.”)